What is Cirrhosis?

 

Cirrhosis is an ongoing, long-term disease of the liver. There is scarring to the liver tissue that keeps the liver from working the way it should. When the damage is not stopped, the liver gradually has a loss of off its ability to carry out its usual functions. This is liver failure, or  end-stage liver disease.

 

The liver is one of the most essential organs in the body. The liver is located on the right side in front, below the lower rib cage. The liver produces substances that protect us from infections and clot our blood, filters toxins out of the blood, aides in digestion of nutrients in foods, and stores energy for later use. Patients with cirrhosis have no symptoms during the early phases of the disease.

 Symptoms are caused by either by Gradual failure of the liver to do its normal functions or Distortion of the liver’s usual shape and size because of scarringof the tissues.

 

Cirrhosis Symptoms

Tiredness 

Weakness

Nausea

Loss of appetite leading to weight loss

Loss of sex drive

Jaundice 

Fever

Vomiting

Diarrhea

Itching 

Abdominal pain 

Abdominal swelling or bloating 

Weight gain 

Swelling in ankles and legs 

Difficulty breathing 

Sensitivity to medications – Due to impairment of the liver’s ability to filter medications from blood

Confusion, delirium, personality changes, or hallucinations From buildup of drugs or toxins in the blood, which then affect the brain

Extreme sleepiness, difficulty awakening, or coma also encephalopathy

Bleeding from gums or nose 

Easy bruising 

Blood in vomit or feces 

congestion

Hemorrhoids 

Loss of muscle mass (wasting)

In women, abnormal menstrual periods – Due to impairment in hormone production and metabolism

In men, enlargement of the breasts (gynecomastia), scrotal swelling, or small testes – Due to impairment in hormone production and metabolism .

 

 

Dietary Advice 

 lose weight – safely. This usually means losing no more than half to one kilogram a week
 lower your triglycerides through diet, medication or both
 No alcohol
 control your diabetes, if you have it
 eat a balanced, healthy diet
 increase your physical activity
 Liquid supplements may be required
 Carbohydrate intake should be high
 small more regular meals . 
 sodium-restricted diet
 Monitor liquids 
 avoid raw shellfish

 

Having the right nutritious low fat diet is extremely important in this disease to side step any more complications from impaired liver functions through out the whole body. This will make the patient more combatable while in recovery. Patients can live along life if treatment is swift.

 

 

 

Reference Page 

RegisteredNurseRN

Cirrhosis of the liver, metabolic disorders ,gall bladdernursing NCLEX review over the symptoms, nursing care/management, pathophysiology, complications, and treatment

Osmosis.com  medical 

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNI0qOojpkhsUtaQ4_2NUhQ

Crash course biology 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QnQe0xW_JY4&list=PL3EED4C1D684D3ADF

Livesstrong

https://www.livestrong.com/article/450647-fruit-juices-for-a-renal-diet/

organic fresh 

https://www.organiclifestylemagazine.com/how-to-reverse-fatty-liver-disease-diet-plan-included

Taste.com

https://www.taste.com.au/recipes/collections/low-fat

emedicine health 

https://www.emedicinehealth.com/cirrhosis/article_em.htm#what_causes_cirrhosis_of_the_liver

 Cirrhosis Australia

http://cirrhosisblog.net/cirrhosis-australia/