Cirrhosis is an ongoing, long-term disease of the liver. There is scarring to the liver tissue that keeps the liver from working the way it should. When the damage is not stopped, the liver gradually has a loss of off its ability to carry out its usual functions. This is liver failure, or end-stage liver disease.
The liver is one of the most essential organs in the body. The liver is located on the right side in front, below the lower rib cage. The liver produces substances that protect us from infections and clot our blood, filters toxins out of the blood, aides in digestion of nutrients in foods, and stores energy for later use. Patients with cirrhosis have no symptoms during the early phases of the disease.
Symptoms are caused by either by Gradual failure of the liver to do its normal functions or Distortion of the liver’s usual shape and size because of scarringof the tissues.
Loss of appetite leading to weight loss
Loss of sex drive
Abdominal swelling or bloating
Swelling in ankles and legs
Sensitivity to medications – Due to impairment of the liver’s ability to filter medications from blood
Confusion, delirium, personality changes, or hallucinations From buildup of drugs or toxins in the blood, which then affect the brain
Extreme sleepiness, difficulty awakening, or coma also encephalopathy
Bleeding from gums or nose
Blood in vomit or feces
Loss of muscle mass (wasting)
In women, abnormal menstrual periods – Due to impairment in hormone production and metabolism
In men, enlargement of the breasts (gynecomastia), scrotal swelling, or small testes – Due to impairment in hormone production and metabolism .
Having the right nutritious low fat diet is extremely important in this disease to side step any more complications from impaired liver functions through out the whole body. This will make the patient more combatable while in recovery. Patients can live along life if treatment is swift.
Cirrhosis of the liver, metabolic disorders ,gall bladdernursing NCLEX review over the symptoms, nursing care/management, pathophysiology, complications, and treatment
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